Calculations on Rydberg states are performed using quantum Monte Carlo methods. Excitation energies and singlet-triplet splittings are calculated for two model systems, the carbon atom (P3 and P1) and carbon monoxide (Σ1 and Σ3). Kohn-Sham wave functions constructed from open-shell localized Hartree-Fock orbitals are used as trial and guide functions. The fixed-node diffusion quantum Monte Carlo (FN-DMC) method depends strongly on the wave function’s nodal hypersurface. Nodal artefacts are investigated for the ground state of the carbon atom. Their effect on the FN-DMC results can be analyzed quantitatively. FN-DMC leads to accurate excitation energies but to less accurate singlet-triplet splittings. Variational Monte Carlo calculations are able to reproduce the experimental results for both the excitation energies and the singlet-triplet splittings.
American Institute of Physics
21 Mar 2006
Volume: 124 Issue: 11 Pages: 114114
The Journal of chemical physics