Copper interconnects in modern integrated circuits require ultra-thin barriers to prevent intermixing of Cu with surrounding dielectric materials. Conventional barriers rely on metals like TaN, however their finite thickness reduces the cross-sectional area and significantly increases the resistivity of nanoscale interconnects. In this study, a new class of two-dimensional (2D) Cu diffusion barriers, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), is demonstrated for the first time. Using time-dependent dielectric breakdown measurements and scanning transmission electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy, these 2D materials are shown to be promising barrier solutions for ultra-scaled interconnect technology. The predicted lifetime of devices with directly deposited 2D barriers can achieve three orders of magnitude improvement compared to control devices without barriers.
30 Jun 2017
arXiv preprint arXiv:1706.10178