We report on structural and electrical properties of GaAs nanowires (NWs) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on GaAs and SiO2 substrates using Au as growth catalyst. Au–Ga particles are observed on the top of the NWs by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In most of the observed cases, individual particles contain two Au–Ga compositions, in particular orthorhombic AuGa and β′ hexagonal Au7Ga2. The wires grown on GaAs are regularly shaped and tidily oriented on both (1 0 0) and (1 1 1)B substrates. TEM also reveals that the NWs have a wurtzite lattice structure. Electrical transport measurements indicate that nominally undoped NWs are weakly n-type while both Be- and Si-doped wires show p-type behaviour. The effect of the lattice structure on impurity incorporation is briefly discussed.
1 Mar 2007
Volume: 37 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 134-137
Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures