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An energy-efficient, wide dynamic-range (DR) CMOS analog front-end (AFE) for chemiresistive sensors is presented. The circuit is specifically designed for the Metal Oxide (MOX) gas sensors, a special technology of chemiresistive sensors, broadly diffused in modern portable devices due to their low-cost and simplicity of use. Energy efficiency is mandatory for the AFE in order to prolong the battery life that supply these devices. The proposed circuit implements the resistance-to-time (R-to-T) conversion of the sensor’s resistance by adopting a relaxation oscillator-based architecture. A limiting resistor in series with the sensor is introduced for reducing the circuit’s energy-per-measurement (EpM), while mitigating the error due to the sensor’s parasitic capacitance. The analysis of the circuit is presented with emphasis on the design trade-off between error due to the sensor’s parasitic capacitance and power consumption on one side …
Publication date: 
8 Jan 2021
Biblio References: 
Volume: 68 Issue: 3 Pages: 1123-1133
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers