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Capacitance of capacitors in which one or both plates are made of a two-dimensional charge system (2DCS) can be increased beyond their geometric structural value. This anomalous capacitance enhancement (CE) is a consequence of manipulation of quantum mechanical exchange and correlation energies in the ground state energy of the 2DCS. Macroscopically, it occurs at critical charge densities corresponding to transition from an interacting “metallic” to a noninteracting “insulator” mode in the 2-D system. Here, we apply this concept to a metal-semiconductor-metal capacitor with an embedded two-dimensional hole system (2DHS) underneath the plates for realization of a capacitance-based photodetector. Under sufficient illumination, and at critical voltages the device shows a giant CE of 200% and a peak-to-valley ratio of over 4 at probe frequencies larger than 10 kHz. Remarkably, the light-to-dark …
Publication date: 
4 Dec 2014

Pouya Dianat, Anna Persano, Fabio Quaranta, Adriano Cola, Bahram Nabet

Biblio References: 
Volume: 21 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-5
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics