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Free-standing quasi 1-dimensional (1D) semiconductor nanostructures (nanowires) based on III-V compound semiconductors are considered ideal building blocks for the realization of photonic and electronic nanodevices. Metal-catalyst assisted MOVPE is a most promising bottom-up technology for the synthesis of III-V compound semiconductor nanowires and related 1D nanostructures. MOVPE growth of 1D nanostructures with a modulation of the material composition in either the axial or radial direction has been demonstrated for a number of III-V systems. The applications of GaAs nanowires to novel nanophotonic devices is hindered by the proclivity of GaAs to readily oxidise in air, leading to the formation of surface states that reduce carrier lifetimes and quench the material optical emission. The growth of a shell using a large band-gap material around GaAs nanowires reduces the effects of surface states and enhances the radiative efficiency of GaAs nanowires; besides, changing the band-gap of the shell material allows to control the carrier confinement within the GaAs core and may also improve the optical confinement of the photons by acting as an optical cavity. For these reasons, emphasis has been placed in the recent literature on the growth of GaAs-based core-shell nanowire structures. The Au-catalysed MOVPE growth and optical properties of GaAs/GaInP core-shell nanowires were already reported; however, alloy ordering of GaInP induces compositional and band gap variations in the shell, leading to potential fluctuations within the shell and likely different strain states in the core. A reduced carrier transport from shell to core was …
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2007

P Paiano, P Prete, Fabio Marzo, Nicola Lovergine, Anna Maria Mancini

Biblio References: 
Pages: 355-358
Extended Abstracts of the 12th European Workshop on Metal-Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy and Related Growth Techniques