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Orbital-free density functional theory (OF-DFT) promises to describe the electronic structure of very large quantum systems, being its computational cost linear with the system size. However, the OF-DFT accuracy strongly depends on the approximation made for the kinetic energy (KE) functional. To date, the most accurate KE functionals are nonlocal functionals based on the linear-response kernel of the homogeneous electron gas, ie, the jellium model. Here, we use the linear-response kernel of the jellium-with-gap model to construct a simple nonlocal KE functional (named KGAP) which depends on the band-gap energy. In the limit of vanishing energy gap (ie, in the case of metals), the KGAP is equivalent to the Smargiassi-Madden (SM) functional, which is accurate for metals. For a series of semiconductors (with different energy gaps), the KGAP performs much better than SM, and results are close to the state-of …
American Physical Society
Publication date: 
29 May 2018

Lucian A Constantin, Eduardo Fabiano, Fabio Della Sala

Biblio References: 
Volume: 97 Issue: 20 Pages: 205137
Physical Review B