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A gas chemiresistor, fabricated onto alumina using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) networked films grown by radiofrequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) technology, is described for high-performance gas detection, at an operating temperature of 200 °C. Functionalizations of MWCNTs tangled bundle-films with nominally 5-nm thick Pt- and Pd-nanoclusters, prepared by magnetron sputtering, provide higher sensitivity for significantly enhanced gas detection of NO2, H2S, NH3, CO, up to a low limit of sub-ppm level. The measured electrical conductance of the functionalized MWCNTs upon gas exposures is modulated by charge transfer with p-type semiconducting characteristics. Pt- and Pd-nanoclusters functionalized MWCNTs gas sensors exhibited better performances compared to unfunctionalized MWCNTs, making them promising candidates for air-pollutants …
Publication date: 
10 Dec 2008

M Penza, R Rossi, M Alvisi, G Cassano, MA Signore, E Serra, R Giorgi

Biblio References: 
Volume: 135 Issue: 1 Pages: 289-297
sensors and Actuators B: Chemical