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We report a theoretical study on the optical properties of bithiophene and terthiophene N-succinimidyl esters, which have been functionalized with a methylsulfanyl group in the α or the β positions. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) and approximate coupled-cluster singles and doubles with the resolution of identity technique (RI-CC2) calculations have been performed in the ground and excited states. The RI-CC2 results for absorption and fluorescence energies are in better qualitative agreement with experiments, whereas TD-DFT does not correctly describe the higher energy part of the absorption spectra of β-substituted bithiophenes, due to the presence of charge-transfer states. Systems functionalized at the α position show a large red-shift of the main absorption and fluorescence band and a larger Stokes-shift compared to the unsubstituted species. These effects are in most cases less …
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2008

M Piacenza, M Zambianchi, G Barbarella, G Gigli, F Della Sala

Biblio References: 
Volume: 10 Issue: 35 Pages: 5363-5373
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics